Regularly visiting your eye doctor for an eye health exam is important regardless of the state of your vision. Eye exams allow for early detection of common vision problems like glaucoma, cataracts, macular degeneration and diabetic retinopathy. You may be advised to undergo tests every one to two years depending on your risk factors.
In this post, your trusted eye care expert, Vision Care Plus, explains what goes on during an eye examination.
What Really Happens
Your eye doctor will begin by asking about your medical history as well as your family history. If you’re taking medications or have a history of eye problems in your family, your doctor will want to know..
Here are some of the tests you may undergo during your eye exam:
Eye Muscle Movement Test: The doctor will observe the movement of your eyes while you track a moving object like a fingertip or pen. This test helps evaluate whether your eyes are properly aligned.
Visual Acuity Test: Your doctor will ask you to identify different letters of the alphabet on a Snellen chart, which is positioned at a distance. Your eyes will be tested separately to see how clear your vision is.
Cover Test: You will be asked to look at a small target from a distance with each eye being covered and then uncovered. This test helps determine whether you have strabismus.
Refraction Testing: You’ll undergo this test if you wear or need prescription eyeglasses. You will be asked to look through a phoropter, a mask-like device that contains wheels of various lenses. The combination of lenses will be changed until we find a solution that provides you with sharp vision.
Slit Lamp (biomicroscope): During this test, the front of your eyes are magnified so your doctor can examine your cornea, iris, lens, as well as the back of your eyes to look for signs of various eye conditions.
Retinal Examination (ophthalmoscopy): An ophthalmoscope will be used to examine your retina, retinal blood vessels, fluid in your eyes and the head of your optic nerve.
Glaucoma Testing: This is a painless procedure that measures the pressure in your eyes. It can be done by a tool called applanation tonometer or puffing air into each eye.
Pachymetry: An ultrasound machine will be used for measuring the thickness of the cornea. Patients who need corneal surgery can also undergo this test.
Pupil Dilation: With your dilated pupils, your eye doctor will use tools and lights to examine your eyes. You may need sunglasses after the exam as the effects of the effects of the dilating eye drops may last for hours.
After the Tests
Once the eye exam is over, your doctor will give you an assessment of your eyesight, eye disease risks, and will advise you on what you can do to protect or correct your vision.
Trust your vision to the home of the best eye care doctors, Vision Care Plus. Call us at (844) 201-5900 or complete our online form to set your appointment. We assist patients in Drayton, Wetaskiwin and Beaumont, AB.